Officially, Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometres being 93rd largest country by area in the world. It is 885 kilometres from East to West whereas about 200 kilometres from North to South axis. Bordered by India to the East, West and South, Nepal, small landlocked often called as ‘sandwiched between India and China’, shares its border with Tibet, China’s autonomous region in the North.
2. Capital City:
Resided inside the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley, Kathmandu the capital city of Nepal is the largest city. It's a hot melting hub of Nepal as well as of Asia too. People, traditions, medieval ancient temples, and religious structures, historical monuments are the prime attributes of the capital and responsible factors to set back anyone to the stone-aged or to the history of Nepal. Kathmandu unquestionably is the most happening place of Nepal and one of the most sought-after destinations in the whole world.
About 26 millions of population is currently living in Nepal according to the the census 2011. And annual growth rate is 1.35%. About 7.3% of the population are living in the Himalayan belt, 44.3% in Hills and in the case of Terai region it is 48.4% of the total population.
4. Life Expectancy:
According to the latest WHO data published in 2018 life expectancy in Nepal is 68.8 years of male and 71.6 years of the female which then yields the total life expectancy of 70.2 years giving Nepal a World Life Expectancy ranking of 117.
Mainly Nepal has three levels or belts.
a. Himalayan Region:
Least populated with an area coverage of 15%. It mainly contains Mountains, base camps, trekking trails, and highland pastures.
b. Hilly Region:
This region is rich in greenery, landscapes, and vegetation. It covers 68% of the total land. Comparatively, more populated than Himalayan region.
c. Terai (Flatland) Region:
Though it coves 17% of the land it is the most populated one which represents the South of Nepal. It is basically rich in productions which is why it is called " The granary of Nepal".
Nepali is the official language of Nepal yet due to ethnic diversities we can easily get to listen to various dialects throughout the country.
7. People and Religion:
One can find religious harmony in Nepal. All kinds of followers are living in Nepal however Hindus and Buddhists seem to be dominants.
8. Currency and Monetary value:
The currency of Nepal is Nrs: Nepalese Rupees.
100 paisa = 1Nrs
Nepal imports almost all the products ranging from daily commodities, vegetables, kitchen equipment, apparel, groceries, machinery etc. from its neighbouring nations India and China.
When it comes to exports, Nepal mainly focuses on handicrafts, hand-knitted woollen clothes, hand weaved mattress, Pashmina, paintings and arts, Thanka and clothes made up of Cannabis etc.
10. International Telephone Code: +977